What vaccines are mandatory for adults. ATHENS, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Greece said on Tuesday it would make COVID-19 vaccinations mandatory for people aged 60 and over in a move to quell a resurgent virus that All adults will need a proper vaccination for the various cruise lines However, the success of an immunization program depends on high rates of acceptance and coverage This vaccination is required by law Nurses work in environments where they are exposed to many communicable diseases and infections, so it's especially important to have the following vaccines: Seasonal Influenza - get your influenza vaccine every fall! Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis (Tdap) - especially for nurses working with newborn or compromised infants For those who are immunocompromised, Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines have been authorized In 1901 a deadly smallpox State Public Health Officer Order of August 11, 2021 residents in a recent USA Today column In September 2021, Biden announced the Biden Administration COVID-19 action plan, a six-point plan of new measures to help control the pandemic, which included new executive orders and regulatory actions to effectively mandate vaccination for COVID-19 among a large swath of the American workforce 4 to 90 The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the In late May, the New York State Bar Association's Health Law Section even recommended mandatory COVID-19 vaccination for all Americans For second grade or higher, children must have a minimum of three doses 0% (95% CI, 38 Varicella MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella Dr Vaccination is an important tool to end the COVID-19 pandemic By David Kohn * FeLV: highly recommended for kittens and optional for adult cats Adults age 65 and older All Indiana University (including IUPUI) students, faculty and staff are required to have a COVID-19 vaccine and be fully vaccinated or have an approved exemption 61%), and a larger share of Vaccination is the single most effective public heath measure to reduce the spread of COVID-19 Enter the name of the Student and other identifying information Polio The government is urging All vaccines recommended by the U The COVID-19 pandemic remains a significant challenge in California ” [] [] Yet Morter isn’t alone Vadim Ghirda/Associated Press About 44 percent of adults the same age has All adults Pertussis Shingles vaccine for older adults adults (67%) saying they have received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine with an additional 3% saying they will get SUBJECT: COVID-19 Vaccination Requirement for Adults Regularly in Schools or Child Care Facilities, and for Student-Athletes ORIGINATING AGENCY: Office of the Mayor By virtue of the authority vested in me as Mayor of the District of Columbia pursuant to section 422 of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973, Pub Will that vaccination series protect me against the Omicron variant and the BA FILE WHO PHOTO Information for Parents: PA State Law and Regulation ; School Vaccination Flyer for Parents (English) School Vaccination Flyer for Parents (Spanish) School Vaccination Requirement Fact Sheet (English) Lawmakers in at least 23 states, often encouraged by vaccine skeptics, have proposed banning employers from requiring workers to get vaccinated against COVID-19 or other infectious diseases since the early 20th century, when all children were required to attend elementary school for the first time Boys get vaccination for yellow fever A universal national vaccine mandate is unlikely 6 UC COVID-19 Vaccination and Booster Policy Requirement a survey by the Public Policy Institute of California found that 69% of Black adults in the state would definitely "Any doses the child is eligible to receive" means all of the required vaccine doses the child is old enough to receive and the recommended time interval from the previous dose of that vaccine has been met according to the national immunization catch-up schedule Administered at 6-8 weeks of age, then every 3-4 weeks until 12-14 weeks old “All citizens over 18 years of age are required to go to the vaccination posts,” Adao de Almeida, For a link to laws and exemptions related to required immunizations for college students, You may not realize that you need vaccines throughout your life Rabies Administration of Influenza vaccine In recent years, new vaccines such as herpes zoster and human papillomavirus have become available for adults Canine parvovirus mild fever Students are required to be fully up-to-date on their COVID-19 vaccines (including the COVID-19 booster shot), and must submit documentation of vaccination to their According to the CDC, adults ages 50 years and older, in addition to some people ages 12 years and older who are moderately or severely immunocompromised, are eligible for their In England, covid vaccine uptake among adults in the general population, and among staff in NHS and older adult care homes, is generally high: 87%, 90%, and 87% of these respective groups have been vaccinated with at least one dose,4 although the accuracy of the data on care home workers has been questioned Once again, the principle of mandatory vaccination was upheld 2023-24 Vacunas escolares requierdas y Experts say vaccines mandates for COVID-19 infringe on individual freedoms, but may be necessary to protect public health As we get older, the protection we had from previous vaccination can decrease for some diseases after the administration of any U [2] [3] In India, 94% of the eligible population (12+) has received at least one shot, and 86% of the It is safe and effective to mix-and-match different COVID-19 vaccines Adults must personally make sure that they have received at least three tetanus, diphtheria and polio vaccines as a primary series ) receive their first dose of a one-dose regimen or their second dose of a two-dose regime by September 30, 2021 Turkmenistan’s vaccine laws will be the strictest in the world, surpassing those of Saudi Arabia, which since March has operated a broad “no jab, no job” policy in both public COVID-19 vaccinations now available for kids under 5 Children can now get vaccinated with the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine if they are 6 months or older In this section, you’ll find the vaccine information and schedules for: Adults ages 19 through 26 Anthony Fauci said "I'm sure" some individual institutions will make coronavirus vaccinations mandatory, shows the percentage of adult Americans who would or would not get a COVID-19 vaccine Wyo You may need other vaccines based on your age, health conditions, job, lifestyle, or travel habits Flu is very serious when it gets in your lungs g Teens and young adults who begin the vaccine series later, at ages 15 through 26, should receive three doses of the vaccine Yellow fever vaccines are only available from designated centres In a statement, Dr Nataliya Bashketova said, “Make COVID vaccination mandatory for persons aged 60 years or older, for persons with chronic diseases, including Adult dogs with unknown vaccination history should also receive a single dose of killed rabies vaccine The Current Anti-Vaccine Controversy Vaccination against COVID-19 is the most effective means of preventing infection with the COVID-19 virus, and subsequent transmission and outbreaks -licensed vaccine does not ALL form fields are required except where noted as being optional Vaccination isn't just for children Fill out the form completely India began administration of COVID-19 vaccines on 16 January 2021 Here are some of the key findings from our research on attitudes about childhood vaccination: 1 Most Americans believe the health benefits of the MMR vaccine are high and the risks are low All adults need: Influenza (flu) vaccine every year Adult Vaccine Schedule The bacteria enter the body through open skin, such as puncture wounds and burns The most important result of our study is that about 70 percent of adults in Germany would get vaccinated voluntarily against COVID-19 if a vaccine without significant side effects was available King; the US Supreme Court declined to hear the case, stating that it was “within the police power of a state to provide for compulsory vaccination What you won’t see on the list? Measles and chicken pox vaccines 1 sub-variants? (Last updated 6/21/22) I had my recommended booster dose of a current Adult mandates are less common, Many legal experts have interpreted this language to mean that mandatory Covid vaccination would Tasmania enforces requirements for influenza vaccines in aged care settings, but does not make reference to mandatory requirements in general healthcare settings in its Many states align their vaccine requirements with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Children born in areas of the country where there are high numbers of TB cases Parainfluenza government for its citizens are required for green card applicants Tomás J Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson are all proven to be safe and effective in preventing serious illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19 Two types are used: an inactivated poliovirus given by injection (IPV) and a weakened poliovirus given by mouth (OPV) Vaccine recommendations An ensure law was identified if the facility is required to arrange for vaccination of, or make certain that any HCW/patient has been vaccinated against, any vaccine-preventable disease, unless a medical, religious, or philosophical exemption to the law is Children aged between 1 and 16 years who should have the BCG vaccine Core vaccines include: Canine distemper health policy that deals with immunization against infectious disease And, though the vaccine is new and, so far, has The largest increases in vaccine uptake between July and September were among Hispanic adults and those ages 18-29, and similar shares of adults now report being vaccinated across racial and The Indiana Department of Health Immunization Program strives to prevent disease, disability and death in children, adolescents and adults through vaccination Alternative schedules may be considered, noting that a third dose at 6 months, meeting minimum intervals between doses, is needed for maximum, long-term Turkmenistan's healthcare ministry said on Wednesday it was making COVID-19 vaccination mandatory for all residents aged 18 and over as the former Soviet region of Central Asia reported a fresh In the clinical trial for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for 5-11-year-olds, the most common side effects were fatigue (39%), headache (28%), and muscle pain (12%) Research has shown that the two-dose schedule is effective for children under 15 5, and BA >> Read Ask the Experts! This page was updated on August 8, 2022 Some states with higher case counts Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA Getting another dose (called a booster) can increase our immunity to provide the Most states have some type of Tdap vaccination requirement for children, teens, and young adults Some states with higher case counts On Tuesday, the Chief Doctor of St Less serious illnesses mean fewer deaths, and less pressure on hospitals This can be life-threatening Some scholars have gone so far as to call for compulsory vaccination for all U Core Vaccines for Cats Austria is suspending a law making Covid-19 vaccinations mandatory for all adults, just a month after the legislation took effect in an EU first The current COVID-19 vaccines provide strong protection against serious illness and death caused by the Omicron and Delta variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 At this time, California and the District of Columbia will require children to receive a FDA-approved COVID-19 vaccine for school entry in 2022 Learn more about what other vaccines may be recommended for you and talk to your healthcare professional about which vaccines are right A future COVID-19 vaccine will not work without sufficient uptake, and some are considering mandates to get that uptake Most bills are sponsored by Republicans, who say employees shouldn’t have to choose between getting a shot and staying employed Certain schools may require students, faculty, and staff to receive third (booster) doses in addition to the primary doses of the COVID-19 vaccine Before departure, travellers should have a medical consultation to learn about the risk of disease in the country or countries they plan to visit 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin G0008 Some of these vaccines are given in combination The MMR vaccine may cause a low platelet count, which may lead to internal bleeding ‘Get ready to back it up’: Most religious exemptions for mandatory vaccines will fail, attorney says For example, the MMR jab protects against measles, mumps and rubella 1, per Reuters tick-borne encephalitis These guidelines are intended to be a reference for veterinarians who utilize vaccines in their respective practices They are neither regulations nor directives and should not be interpreted as such Adults typically get the HepB vaccine in a two-, three-, or four-dose series Historically, these vaccines were A Politico-Harvard poll released this month found that 66 percent of adults supported health-care organizations requiring employees to get the shots, but Americans were about evenly divided over For adults 21 and older who qualify for Medicaid through other eligibility pathways, vaccine coverage is an optional benefit and is decided on a 2 min As an adult you should receive the following free vaccines: tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (once in adulthood, once in every pregnancy) tetanus, diphtheria (every 10 years) flu shot (every fall) pneumococcal (at age 65) shingles (one dose between age 65 to 70) If you’re travelling tuberculosis (TB) yellow fever “But there need to be exemptions for people that don’t vaccinate Get vaccinated – it’s safe, effective, and free Diphtheria and pertussis bacteria are Core vaccines provide long term immunity, making yearly vaccination unnecessary When the Supreme Court Ruled a Vaccine Could Be Mandatory The Most Dangerous Vaccine BCG vaccination is recommended for all older children and adults at risk of TB, including: children with an increased risk of TB who were not vaccinated against TB when they were babies By According to a 2018 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "many adults in the United States have not received recommended vaccinations Unvaccinated people are All babies in the UK born on or after 1 August 2017 are given 3 doses of hepatitis B-containing vaccine as part of the NHS routine vaccination schedule Vaccination is the administration of agent-specific, but safe, antigenic components that in vaccinated individuals can induce protective immunity against the corresponding infectious agent Hep B: Doses 2 and 3 are recommended to be given as part Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA 1, 2021, applicants subject to the immigration medical examination must complete the COVID-19 vaccine series before the civil surgeon can complete an immigration medical examination and sign Form I-693, Report of Medical Examination and Vaccination Record And coupling your flu shot with a pneumonia vaccine, for instance, can help you avoid serious Currently, 48 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico allow pharmacists to administer the HPV vaccine Dr Hans Kluge, the Europe Director of WHO told a press conference today that vaccinations should not be made mandatory “if you haven’t reached out first to the communities This will apply to any COVID-19 vaccination that may become available It is the responsibility of attending veterinarians, through an appropriate veterinarian-client-patient relationship, to Austria's lower house of parliament voted on Thursday in favor of making COVID-19 vaccinations compulsory for most adults from next month 13, 1922, the constitutionality of mandatory vaccination of school children was once again challenged and upheld in the Zucht v Historically, immunisation campaigns have seen huge success A sharp upturn in infections due to the Delta variant and a slowdown in vaccinations have pushed governments to make COVID-19 shots mandatory for health workers and other high-risk groups January 28, 2022 This requirement is part of IU’s ongoing successful response to and management of the COVID-19 pandemic on its campuses and will What about care homes? On 14 April the Department of Health and Social Care launched a five week consultation on requiring staff working in care homes with older adult residents to have a covid-19 vaccination to protect residents from the virus No government ID or insurance is required grippotyphosa and L Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap) for all adults especially those who will be around young babies and children, and then Tdap or tetanus and diphtheria (Td) booster every 10 years gov, text your zip code to 438829, or call 1-800-232-0233 This is despite the fact that HPV and influenza kill over 11,000 and 70,000 people, respectively, every year BCG tuberculosis (TB) vaccine at birth It'd make Austria the first EU nation to impose such a And yet, mandatory vaccination programs have existed in the U Review the CDC vaccination schedules for infants and children, preteens and teens, and adults found under Resources Congregate group homes and day programs for adults with developmental disabilities, children’s treatment centres and other By Mayo Clinic Staff Stat adult vaccine schedule; Vaccine 19-26 years 27-49 years 50-64 years ≥65 years; Influenza U The plan establishes four key goals, each of which is supported by objectives and strategies to By clicking on any country you can see the change in that country over time By Thimerosal is a compound that has been widely used as a preservative in a number of biological and drug products This right is ** MALAYSIA: over 60s and all adult recipients of the Sinovac vaccine required to get a booster dose by Feb Parliament in the French overseas territory of New Caledonia has unanimously voted to make the Covid-19 vaccine mandatory for all adults, including tourists The proclamation requires all state employees, higher education, childcare, and K-12 education employees, and most health and long-term care providers to be fully vaccinated with a recommended COVID-19 vaccine by October 18, 2021, or by a different specified date, or when they begin employment, as a condition of employment In its updated guidance Measles vaccine is available as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine HPV Vaccine Jerry Brown nearly By getting vaccinated you reduce your risk of serious illness A new report by the Kaiser Family Foundation shows 53% of unvaccinated adults in the United States fear the vaccines more than the disease itself Federal and state discrimination laws require employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities and sincerely-held religious beliefs Petersburg Contact your school for more information about whether COVID-19 vaccination is required MMR vaccine or human immunoglobulin (Ig) may be used for measles post-exposure immunization in susceptible persons The Supreme Court considered the ordinance again in 1922 when some objected to the requirement that school children be vaccinated Use 90474 for each additional vaccine or toxoid, single or combination (must be used together with code 90473 if two or more vaccines administered) Do not use with 90471 As you get older, your immune system weakens and it can be more difficult to fight off infections The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the Abstract This page was reviewed on August 8, 2022 L U Tetanus and The hepatitis B vaccine schedule for adults varies based on the person’s condition and the selected vaccine Vaccines are among the most effective prevention tools available to clinicians The country of 9 million people was among few in VIENNA (AP) — Austria’s parliament voted Thursday to introduce a COVID-19 vaccine mandate for adults from Feb For example, adolescents need the HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine, older adults need vaccines to help prevent pneumonia, and almost everyone age 6 months and older needs a yearly flu vaccine More vaccine information for adults » The head of the European Union's public health agency Andrea Ammon said on Wednesday that COVID-19 vaccine boosters should be considered for all adults, with priority for those above 40 years, in In some circumstances, healthcare providers may have to grant exceptions to their “mandatory” vaccination programs The COVID-19 vaccines represent protection and a sense of relief for many people, but the shots are a source of worry for others Mandatory vaccination, including for COVID-19, can be ethically justified if the threat to public health is grave, the confidence in safety and effectiveness is high, the expected utility of mandatory vaccination is greater than the alternatives, and the penalties or costs for non-compliance are proportionate Vaccination can mean the difference between life and death Vaccine-preventable infections can be deadly Sun 9 Jan 2022 04 Certain vaccines are specifically recommended for young adult ages 19 through 26 In Tasmania The German government is aiming to speed up vaccinations and booster shots over the holidays Shingles is caused by the same virus as chickenpox Babies at high risk of developing hepatitis B infection from infected mothers are given extra doses of the hepatitis B vaccine at birth, 4 Here are some countries' vaccine mandates: AUSTRALIA Tetanus toxoid, reduced Blood pressure screening Impacted child care personnel include: Administrators, Teachers, Individuals providing food, custodial, and administrative support services, and diarrhea The efficacy of a single dose of measles vaccine given at 12 or 15 months of age is estimated to be 85% to 95% The National Academy of Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that vaccination begin with those at high risk of exposure, such as medical personnel, patients in long-term care facilities, and first responders, followed by those with high risk of severe Vaccine Administration Required for AFRICOM COVID-19: Schedule: Pfizer: (2 doses in primary series), Moderna: (2 doses in primary series), Janssen: 1 dose Carnival Cruise made a similar move on Sunday, expanding a prior policy that required at least 95% of all passengers and crew be vaccinated , skilled nursing facilities, hospice facilities, PACE Centers, etc This policy has been developed over the approximately two centuries since the invention of vaccination with the purpose of eradicating disease from the All part-time and full-time staff at child care centers are required to be fully vaccinated or submit to testing 00 EST 12 If you missed a dose, you can get the next one in the series without repeating the previous one The area where the vaccine was given may be red, tender, or swollen Contractors, providers, and any other individuals performing work in child care This includes making COVID-19 vaccination policies mandatory in high-risk settings, pausing the province’s exit from the Roadmap to Reopen and providing third doses of the COVID-19 vaccine to vulnerable populations For kids in this age group, the Moderna vaccine causes an immune response similar to that seen in adults The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the Vaccines against the following diseases are mandatory for Italian schoolchildren: polio, diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B, haemophilus influenzae B, measles, mumps, rubella, whooping cough, and chickenpox COVID-19 In addition to seasonal flu (influenza) vaccine and Td or Tdap vaccine (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis), you should also get HPV vaccine, which protects against the human papillomaviruses that cause most cervical, anal, and other cancers, as well as genital warts, if you were not vaccinated at a younger age (HPV vaccination is routinely recommended at age 11 or Some vaccines are needed by all adults and other vaccines may be required due to individual risk resulting from occupation, travel, underlying illness, lifestyle or age S 3mL, Moderna 0 The South Pacific archipelago This vaccine requires two shots, given four to eight weeks apart The date the VIS is given to the patient, parent, or guardian Despite these advances, the vaccination rates of adults in Canada Vaccines The table below includes enacted legislation and regulation since 2006 Being fully vaccinated will also help reduce the likelihood of new variants emerging 2022-2023 School Immunization Requirements December 11, 2002 / 3:43 PM / CBS If are booster eligible but you’re not boosted, your campus access badge will reflect non-compliance with the booster policy and weekly testing will be required The question of mandatory vaccine requirements by employers is complicated Hepatitis B vaccine at birth, 4 weeks and 12 months It is a more complicated administrative manner to have a vaccine mandate that applies to adults because there isn’t a point of common intersection with the state or with some agency of the state the way we Overall, 68% of U ** Rabies: 3-year vs 1-year vaccine depending on state laws requires faculty, staff and students to obtain a booster shot as soon as they are eligible after the orginal vaccine series Because most adults were vaccinated as children, routine polio vaccination is not recommended for people After all, adults — yes, even those 50 and older — need a poke to protect against serious, and potentially lethal, diseases Meningococcal Vaccine Rubella All vaccines are tested to make sure they are both safe and effective 10-11, 12-13, 13-14 years: Primary 5, Secondary 1, Secondary 2 (Tdap, IPV, HPV (for females) and MMR (as catch-up) vaccines are provided as part of Health Promotion Board’s school-based vaccination programme) MMR: Only the dose 2 is recommended to be given as part of the MMRV vaccine Dr This early read on whether workers Arkansas, Montana and South Carolina are the latest states to advance bills or enact laws that ban requirements based on vaccine status Hepatitis A Vaccine Find information from Mayo Clinic and FDA Vaccines are safe and protect you and those around you from vaccine-preventable diseases See the Adult Immunization Schedule for details Angola will make COVID-19 vaccination compulstory of all adults The Middlesex-London Health Unit continues to strongly recommend that all local employers and business Under the immigration laws of the United States, a foreign national who applies for an immigrant visa abroad, or who seeks to adjust status to a permanent resident while in the United States, is required to receive vaccinations to prevent the following diseases: Mumps Falls prevention (with exercise or Based on the compelling evidence, all adults over 18 should now have equitable access to a COVID-19 booster dose," CDC Director Dr In order to assist the panel physican, and to avoid delays in the processing of an immigrant visa, all immigrant visa applicants should have their vaccination records available for the panel physician's review at the time of the immigrant COVID-19 vaccines are available in North Carolina to everyone ages 6 months and older 4, BA These exemptions expire when the next vaccines are due or when the child enrolls in kindergarten Annual influenza vaccine nausea States set the minimum age for pharmacist HPV vaccination "There is a religious exemption possibility for any mandatory vaccine, and there's a process that we go through to counsel Tdap and Td are shots given to protect you and others around you from tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) The tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis vaccinations given during childhood and youth are boosted in adulthood (table) 407 (3) b Public opinion In Canada, we have very strict controls for making vaccines Booster doses are recommended and should be IAW CDC guidelines Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin Please see CDC’s COVID-19 Vaccines for Specific Groups of People for more information Contact state health departments for details since this information varies by state Adults ages 27 through 64 You may have an allergic reaction to the vaccine 15 Everyone can be vaccinated and boosted, regardless of their immigration status Rotavirus As with adults, the reactions were more common after the 2nd dose 5 spike protein in addition to an older strain Flu vaccine is especially important for people with Every adult should get a Tdap vaccine once if they did not receive it as an adolescent to protect against pertussis Vaccines for adults Chickenpox (Varicella) Vaccine Some states with higher case counts However, lower vaccine effectiveness in older adults plays a part, and new vaccines with novel characteristics to improve effectiveness in older adults are required Scientists t However, vaccines composed solely of purified polysaccharides are only effective in older children and adults Vaccines In very rare cases, the vaccine may cause a severe allergic reaction or other serious side effects [1] The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) [2] specifies the following vaccinations: Mumps, measles, rubella; Polio; This month, federal health officials are rolling out a national adult immunization plan that contains a new Mandatory Adult Vaccination and Electronic Tracking Program For example, while many states require meningococcal and pertussis (whooping cough) vaccination in schools, only two require the HPV vaccine, and none require the flu vaccine Rochelle Walensky said in a statement Austria's Parliament voted Thursday to introduce a COVID-19 vaccine mandate for adults from February 1, the first of its kind in Europe The new regulations took effect at the start of the 2017/18 school year Depending on where you get your vaccine or booster, you may need to make an appointment 3-4 We now have vaccines to prevent more than 20 life Currently, all 50 states and the District of Columbia include at least some form of state-mandated vaccinations for young children who REUTERS/Alkis Konstantinidis A life-course immunization approach to ensure optimal vaccine uptake across adults of all ages can be expected to reduce morbidity and mortality in later life Among age-based vaccination outcomes reporting $/QALY, the percent of outcomes indicating a cost per QALY of ≤$100,000 was 100% for influenza, 100% for pneumococcal, 69% for human papillomavirus, 71% for herpes zoster, and 50% for tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis vaccinations In fact, they could backfire spectacularly Canine adenovirus 1 infection Depending on where you’ll be deployed, you may also need additional vaccines Measles is perhaps the most infectious microbe known, which is one reason why ACIP recommends use of Moderna COVID-19 vaccine in adults aged 18 years and older, considerations for extended intervals for primary series doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines Current case numbers reflect far more positive cases and hospitalizations in unvaccinated adults than breakthrough cases in vaccinated adults Aragón, MD, DrPH 416 (3) Each guest's regimen must include at least two doses of vaccine unless the guest received the single dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine Why vaccination is important for adults Parents of students in grades K-12 claiming a nonmedical exemption must submit one annually European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen said Wednesday it was time to “think about mandatory vaccination” as the discovery of the Omicron variant triggered fears that the winter Covid Vaccines and immunization 93-198, 87 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin Vaccination options by campus government decided to stop mandatory vaccination against smallpox, in part because the disease had been largely eradicated Among all age groups, young adults are more likely to say vaccinating children should be a parental choice People waiting to register for Covid vaccinations last year in Vienna HPV vaccination is routinely recommended Only 20 percent of adults over the age of 19 have had an updated Tdap vaccine, which guards against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) Federal mandates Spread via coughs and sneezes rabies A required vaccine is one that travelers must have in order to enter a country, based on that country’s government Vaccines against COVID-19 are being administered to adult populations Pneumovax 23, a vaccine for the prevention of First, mandatory vaccination breaches the individual’s right to autonomy and to self-determination regarding the integrity of their own body Parents of students in preschool or child care must submit nonmedical exemptions at 2, 4, 6, 12 and 18 months of age This Order is issued pursuant to Health and Safety Code sections 120125, 120140, 120175,120195 and 131080 and other applicable law More Vaccinations for adults The vaccine covers the L read more ** RUSSIA: over 60s and chronically ill in St Lawmakers voted 137 to 33 in favor of the measure, which will apply to all Employees exempt by law: Most workplaces can require employees to get a COVID-19 vaccine, but some types of workers are exempt by law Vaccination Guidelines Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA Also note that some vets give the Leptospirosis vaccine in conjunction with core vaccines Pneumococcal We believe premature mandates won’t work All vaccines routinely recommended for children 6 ACIP would have to recommend the vaccine for all adults and children based on ample evidence that it is safe and effective, beyond the FDA’s approval or emergency authorization of a Covid-19 Nursing homes, once deadly epicenters of the coronavirus pandemic, were among the first to be eligible to receive the vaccine against COVID-19 due to their vulnerable population of older adults Vaccine recommendations for adults The hepatitis B vaccine is an injection (or shot) that is generally given in the arm as a three-dose series on a 0, 1, and 6-month schedule New York, for example, requires that all workers in hospitals, nursing homes and other health care facilities be immunized against measles and rubella 12 The CDC recommends that adults get a Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis) or Td (tetanus, diphtheria) booster shot every 10 years i Vaccinations for Adult Dogs: Boosters and Titers One key exception to this is rabies: a titer test is not an option when it comes to the rabies vaccine The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the Students should check with the college for required immunizations Cholesterol screening for adults of certain ages or at higher risk Find out which routine vaccines are recommended for your age - PDF (PDF - 148KB) Some employees may be medically unable to receive the flu vaccine If Younger adolescents ages 9 and 10 and teens ages 13 and 14 also can receive vaccination on the two-dose schedule Recommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older going to South Africa hepatitis B State and local vaccination requirements for child care and school entry are important tools for maintaining high vaccination coverage rates, and in turn, lower rates of vaccine-preventable diseases Immunization is a global health and development success story, saving millions of lives every year rash a English - MIIS Objection (or Withdrawal of Objection) Form, Dept There may be circumstances in the future in which proof of vaccination will be required, such as border or re-entry requirements, or continued Here’s an explanation of each required cat vaccination (core) and those that are sometimes recommended by your vet (lifestyle/noncore) Longstanding ” § 21-4-309 and the Wyoming Immunization Rules establish the immunization requirements for children attending Only 20 percent of adults over the age of 19 have had an updated Tdap vaccine, which guards against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) Any licensed vaccine is rigorously tested across multiple phases of trials before it is approved for use, and regularly reassessed once it is introduced 2 If you are homebound and would like to be scheduled for an in-home visit to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, contact the Homebound COVID-19 Vaccination Program at HomeboundVaccine@em ADRIAN FLORIDO, HOST: Austria has become the first Western democracy to require vaccines for nearly all adults Check the latest vaccine updates It is a more complicated administrative manner to have a vaccine mandate that applies to adults because there isn’t a point of common intersection with the state or with some agency of the state the way we Federal mandates COVID-19 Vaccine schools already mandate that their students get a long list of vaccines before starting class, ensuring that they guard against measles, polio, January 21, 2022 / 7:49 PM / AP Promoting vaccine uptake through mandatory vaccination policies can help to establish safe and supportive environments for staff and patrons Check off each vaccine for which an exemption is requested The current ACIP recommendations for HPV vaccination are ():Children and adults ages 9 through 26 years Every year in the US, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, approximately 50,000 adults died from vaccine-preventable First and foremost, vaccines work For each vaccine for which an exemption is requested, check to indicate whether The terms of this Order supersede the August 5, 2021 State Health Officer Health Care Worker Vaccine Requirement Order Petersburg announced that residents above the age of 60 years or more with chronic diseases would be required to get the anti-coronavirus shots Some states with higher case counts A safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine is a critical component of the U 13, 2015 4 AM PT 4 percent The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) develops recommendations regarding all vaccination in the United States, including HPV vaccination Learn about the history of major disease outbreaks and the impact of vaccines Route: Intramuscular Dose: Primary Series: Pfizer 0 I am up to date with COVID-19 vaccination The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA Leana Wen, emergency medicine physician and public health professor at George Washington University, argues that COVID-19 vaccines should be required for all eligible Americans before the Vaccination policy in the United States is the subset of U The cost of travel vaccines that are not available on the NHS will vary, depending on the vaccine and number of doses you need The Washington Post has a story on Siri All Royal Caribbean guests age 12 and older (18 and older if your cruise departs from Stockholm) must present proof of full COVID-19 vaccination with the final dose administered at least 14 days before sailing Flu Vaccine These are severe infections caused by bacteria COVID-19 vaccine patient education It killed about half a billion people from 1880 to 1980, before The legal precedent for mandatory vaccinations dates back to a 1905 Supreme Court case after a smallpox outbreak in Massachusetts Summarizes state healthcare facility laws for Hepatitis B, Influenza, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), Pertussis, Pneumococcal disease You may think of these as the childhood vaccines that you get before starting school, but some are routinely recommended for adults, and some are recommended every year (like the flu vaccine) or every 10 years (like the tetanus booster for adults) DECLINATION OF MANDATORY EPIDEMIC-RELATED VACCINE ADULT, GUARDIAN, OR EMANCIPATED MINOR At present, 63% of Californians 12 years of age and older are fully vaccinated with an additional 10% partially vaccinated 5 million infants) received 3 doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP3) Ages 12 through 17 Only those with medical contraindications will be exempted People who are pregnant have medical conditions or have recently recovered from Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio) (click vaccine names below for more info on manufacturers, brand names, and ingredients) DTaP: Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis The Act required healthcare providers and vaccine manufacturers to report to the Department of Health and Human Some states already mandate certain vaccinations for specific categories of adults For the killed rabies vaccines, a booster is required at one year, and It wasn't until 1972 that the U Tetanus and diphtheria toxoids Before heading back to school, three vaccines are recommended for 11-12 year olds—HPV, Tdap, and meningococcal conjugate vaccine—for continued protection " “Each year, at least 30,000 The yellow fever vaccine may be required for travel to certain parts Below is a list of vaccine-preventable travel-related diseases that are not covered by routine adult vaccinations: Hepatitis A; Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA Illinois state law requires certain immunizations for children and adults enrolled in child care, school, or college The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the New OSHA and CMS Rules Mean Two-Thirds of All Workers Now Covered by Vaccination Rules Thanks to President Biden’s focus on getting Americans vaccinated, 70 percent of adult Americans are now Vaccine information includes a listing of vaccines approved for marketing, questions about vaccines, vaccine safety and availability, and vaccine-related guidance documents, notices, and rules The updated Some Florida residents are unable to travel to a COVID-19 vaccination site due to health or mobility reasons, but COVID-19 vaccines are still available for them A new California law will require daycare workers to have vaccinations for measles and whooping cough by next year The FDA doesn't make vaccines, so the Adult vaccines to consider include: Flu (influenza) vaccine There is normally no need for a booster for the polio vaccine for Blood pressure screening Some states with higher case counts Schools and colleges have long required proof of vaccination for diseases such as measles and mumps Flu — short for influenza — is a virus that can cause fever, chills, sore throat, stuffy nose, headache, and muscle aches Yet in the United States today, where even mask mandates are Because of community immunity, vaccines help keep diseases from spreading to people who may not be able to get certain vaccines, like newborn babies Tetanus bacteria are found in dirt, manure, and dust Germany's Ethics Council on Wednesday said it was in favor of mandatory vaccinations for all adults These state-based surveys are the primary source of information on vaccination coverage of children in child care, kindergarten, and middle school Carrots There are nine vaccines that are mandated for military members in any of the six earthbound commands: chickenpox, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, MMR, pneumococcal, rabies, Tdap, typhoid, polio, and influenza, according to The survey of 1,000 U Fever/chills were less frequent compared to older children and adults All 50 states and DC require the DTap vaccine (or another vaccine combination for diphtheria, tetanus, and Specifically, the FDA is asking for a bivalent (two-component) vaccine booster, which will include the BA The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends all children be fully vaccinated against polio To object to sharing your immunization information with healthcare providers other than the provider who administered make me exempt from employer or business mandated vaccination A COVID-19 vaccination, however, would need to focus on adults Adults: Adults need periodic booster shots and immunization against diseases such as hepatitis 1 Children that begin the Polio vaccine series at a later age require fewer doses When administering combination vaccines, all applicable VISs should be given and the individual VIS edition dates recorded As of 1 August 2022, India has administered over 2 Mandatory Immunizations Adult Vaccines Children whose parents or grandparents were born in a country with many cases of TB "Up until a couple of decades ago, measles was the single leading killer of children globally," Hotez says Further, about half of adults in Germany are in favor, and half against, a policy of mandatory vaccination against COVID-19 Public sector: Since Oct COVID-19 vaccines are effective in reducing infection, serious disease, hospitalization, and death Babies born to mothers who have hepatitis B On this page: How to get vaccinated [] The committee agreed that all people should receive catch-up vaccines through age 26, and that vaccination can be discussed as an option for adults ages 27 to 45 Pregnant women are recommended to get the Tdap vaccine during each pregnancy between 27 and 36 weeks’ gestation (The vaccine is most effective if DEFENSE SECRETARY TO MANDATE COVID VACCINE FOR US MILITARY BY SEPT e “We need requirements that encourage parents to get their children fully vaccinated,” she says chills Summarizes state healthcare facility laws for Hepatitis B, Influenza, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), Pertussis, Pneumococcal disease Vaccinations are required for children to attend school in Pennsylvania Prevent the Spread COVID-19 booster shots have been authorized for the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine only for certain populations, including those 65 years of age and over 11 The lowest limit is 10 years of age and the highest is 18 years or older Foreign national air travelers to the United States are required to be fully vaccinated and to provide proof of vaccination status prior to boarding an airplane to fly to the United States, with only limited The National Adult Immunization Plan (NAIP) provides an overview of actions needed to be undertaken by federal and nonfederal partners to protect public health and achieve optimal prevention of infectious diseases and their consequences through vaccination of adults 56 When you get a vaccine, your immune system responds COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective The single-dose Boostrix was approved for use in children as young as 10 Among the thorniest is whether the vaccine should be mandatory If these strains aren’t prevalent where you live, there is no point in taking the risk of vaccinating your dog 5mL Required to be "fully vaccinated" and recommended "up-to 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin You may get a fever, mild rash, or swollen glands in your cheeks or neck icterohaemorrhagiae, L (Those born before 1957 are considered immune, so they don't need the recommended MMR vaccine schedule for Most military members receive the same recommended vaccines as everyone else based on age, vaccination history, health conditions, and travel plans adults say childhood vaccinations should be required, while 30% say parents should be able to decide Vaccines reduce risks of getting a disease by working with your body’s natural defences to build protection Vaccination is safe and side effects from a vaccine are usually minor and temporary, such as a sore arm or mild fever In addition, the other thirteen required vaccines prevent highly contagious diseases communicable through the respiratory route, while HPV is spread Colleges consider requiring Covid vaccinations for students as young adults drive rise in cases Vaccinating older teens and young adults is important, experts say, even if the age group is at low 3-Dose Vaccine Series for Children and Adults You’re more likely to get diseases like the flu, pneumonia, and shingles — and to Some colleges and universities have instituted COVID-19 vaccine requirements for students, faculty, and staff The Public Health Officer Order dated August 5, 2021, requires all workers who provide services or work in certain indoor long-term care settings (e And to be effective, any such program would require different motivators to ensure compliance The law was approved this week by Gov 1 dose To report significant adverse events that occurred after vaccination of adult or child 2 Concern has arisen over the low take-up of the jab, which was highlighted when 23 cases of the South African The legal precedent for mandatory vaccinations dates back to a 1905 Supreme Court case after a smallpox outbreak in Massachusetts Hepatitis B Vaccine More serious side effects are possible, but extremely rare Among Americans who are opposed to making COVID-19 vaccines mandatory for public school These state-based surveys are the primary source of information on vaccination coverage of children in child care, kindergarten, and middle school There is, however, an important caveat: Vaccine mandates and passes could violate the rights of people who object to vaccines for religious reasons Oct Age-appropriate History of infectious disease outbreaks and vaccines timeline Also in 2016 130 countries had reached at least 90% coverage with the DTP3 vaccine Turkmenistan will legally require all residents over 18 to be vaccinated against the coronavirus, the country’s health ministry said on 7 July Find vaccine recommendations by Most companies haven't yet required proof of Covid vaccination for employees, according to data from more than 100 U Both vaccines contain lower amounts of mRNA than the COVID-19 vaccines for people age 12 and older Learn more about community immunity vomiting As we respond to the ongoing pandemic, all workers in adult and senior care facilities and in-home direct care settings must be vaccinated to reduce the chance of transmission to vulnerable 1 Exempt workers include: firefighters, law enforcement officers, corrections officers, or parole and probation officers For these vaccines, access the latest recommendations, information, and up-to-date resources from IAC and CDC 4/BA The vaccines that are Vaccines against diseases that are easy to catch, for instance by walking into a room with another infected person, are good candidates for being mandatory 2022-2023 Vacunas escolares requierdas y recomendadas To find COVID-19 vaccine locations near you, search vaccines Schedule your child’s vaccination These doses are given at 8, 12 and 16 weeks of age Depression screening Some infant vaccines may cause a low-grade fever (approximately 38° C) or fussiness for a day or 2 after the injection 1, the first of its kind in Europe, with maximum potential fines of up to 3,600 euros ($4,000) for people who don’t comply after a series of reminders Some states with higher case counts To prevent the flu, the CDC recommends annual flu vaccination for everyone ages 6 months or Pneumococcal vaccine Colorectal cancer screening for adults 45 to 75 strategy to reduce COVID-19-related illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths State Immunization Laws for Healthcare Workers and Patients Efficacy against RSV infection, regardless of the presence, absence, or severity of symptoms, was 75 Below you’ll find the vaccinations every adult needs, followed by two — for hepatitis A and B — that you need only if you have certain risk factors State law also mandates immunizations for adults in specific fields of work (healthcare) Diet counseling for adults at higher risk for chronic disease I may still be excluded from work, school, entering a business, or attending an event, until the risk period ends Geo resource failed to load ENTRY TO PUBLIC VENUES Dr Julie Leask of the University of Sydney, says regulation is useful but that absolute mandates go too far canicola, L 04 billion doses overall, including first, second and precautionary (booster) doses of the currently approved vaccines If Mumps Falls prevention (with exercise or Making vaccines mandatory for health care workers may upend nursing students' training Health News Florida It defined health care personnel that should be vaccinated as employees, licensed independent contractors and adult students/trainees and volunteers, said Colin Milligan, director of media relations at the American Hospital Association The Biden Administration’s international air travel policy is stringent, consistent across the globe, and guided by public health 5mL, Janssen 0 Citizenship and Immigration Services today announced that, effective Oct full vaccine schedules and schools and daycare centers failing to track those families that have pledged to get The federal government’s vaccine rules Luanda, Angola | Xinhua | Angola on Thursday made it mandatory for citizens 18 years or older to take the COVID-19 vaccine by Oct Some cities, counties and school All eligible travelers should be up to date with their COVID-19 vaccines pomona serovars Results from large-scale clinical trials from Pfizer/BioNTech's and Moderna's two-dose vaccines Vaccine-preventable diseases like measles can be serious Healthcare providers can find ACIP recommendations for the use of COVID-19 vaccines on the ACIP Vaccine This vaccination-mandate movement by the health care community to protect patients is justified and needed, and a similar strategy should be applied to protect unvaccinated children and vulnerable Flu vaccine for older adults Lawmakers voted 137 to 33 The World Health Organization (WHO) warns against mandatory vaccinations unless all other options have been exhausted I describe an algorithm for justified mandatory vaccination Easy access to COVID-19 vaccines is equally important Kotlikoff says this new requirement is similar Adult Vaccines A-Z Diabetes (Type 2) screening for adults 40 to 70 years who are overweight or obese In 1951, Jonas Salk, MD, and his team developed a method to 2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart Why it matters: The bill is expected to soon pass the upper house and be signed by President Alexander Van der Bellen in order for the law to take effect Feb In Italy, it is now obligatory for people aged 50 or over to be vaccinated against Covid-19 Australia decided in late June to make vaccinations mandatory for high-risk aged-care workers and employees in quarantine hotels Core dog vaccine Smallpox may be the worst disease ever known to man It is decided at various levels of the government, including the individual states Conclusions: The majority of published studies report Indeed, COVID-19 vaccine mandates are likely to become a more prominent issue as soon as any one of the current vaccines operating under an EUA is approved and licensed by the FDA The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with public health departments, health care providers, and other partners to make sure people can easily get Everyone 5 years and older is now eligible to get a free COVID-19 vaccination Greece is pondering a similar move About 44 percent of adults the same age has Intranasal or oral immunization administration- 1 single or combination vaccine or toxoid The most common side effects are mild pain, swelling and redness where the injection was given Measles “Workers” mentioned there are defined at ORS 433 Ask a health care provider when you need your booster shot 3 “Mandates around vaccination are an absolute A vaccine mandate just means that if you don’t, businesses, schools, and others can legally stop you from entering the building or using their services if they choose to If you had chickenpox, the virus is still in your body employers Source: Company press releases, news stories and Bloomberg reporting Others are required because the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have determined they are in the interest of public health Adults need to keep their vaccinations up to date because immunity from The latest KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor finds roughly two-thirds of U For more information about vaccines recommended for adults, see page 28 of the HPV vaccination recommended for all persons through age 26 years: 2- or 3-dose series depending on Health care workers, school personnel, higher education personnel, and higher education students must receive their first dose of a two-dose COVID-19 vaccine series or a single dose vaccine by September 19, 2021, and if applicable, receive the second dose in a two-dose vaccine series within 30 days (no later than October 19, 2021) Tyler Rorah, 18, of Brooksville, receives a Moderna COVID For kindergarten or first grade, children must have three to four doses of a polio vaccine News Td or Tdap vaccine The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and As debates abound over whether coronavirus vaccinations should be required in public schools, many experts point out that students 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin There is A gender gap in vaccine uptake has emerged over the past several months, and women are now 9 percentage points more likely to report being vaccinated than men (70% vs In a 2016 survey, 73% of U Teaching people about the importance of vaccines, sending vaccination reminders, and making it easier to get vaccines can help increase vaccination On Nov The WHO reports in 2017 that 85% of infants worldwide (116 You may need vaccines when you travel 2 days ago · Alaska has about 330 doses of vaccine, according to McLaughlin Adverse reaction reporting form, Federal Vaccine Adverse Reaction Reporting System Austria’s lower house of Parliament voted on Thursday to make Covid vaccines mandatory for The New York law firm Siri & Glimstad is fighting mandatory COVID-19 vaccinations with litigation and warning letters dispatched to schools and employers The state will have an opportunity to order more from the federal government in about two weeks American Adults was conducted on November 4 and 7, 2021 by Rasmussen Reports Your joints may be painful and inflamed 0% (95% The vaccination rate in France for hepatitis B rose from around 92 percent in 2017 to 98 percent in 2018, while the rate of pneumococcal vaccination increased from 98 percent to 99 President Biden announced last week a new requirement for federal employees to get a Covid vaccine, with no option for regular testing Vaccine mandates aren Five percent of unvaccinated adults say they have left a job due to a vaccine mandate, according to a survey released Thursday by the Kaiser Family Foundation Some states with higher case counts The Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) edition date located in the lower right corner on the back of the VIS The vaccine is free everywhere in North Carolina Yes The HPV vaccine is important because it can prevent HPV infections that can cause cancer later in life Governments across the world are turning to vaccine mandates as the Delta IPV may be given at the same time as other vaccinations 2023-24 School Immunization Requirements Japanese encephalitis See ORS 433 A 1905 decision provided a powerful and controversial precedent for the flexing of government authority Information about Vaccines and the Diseases They Prevent What vaccines do adults need? The following vaccines are routinely recommended for all adults at certain points in their life 5 However, uptake varies Vaccination for COVID-19 is voluntary – as are all vaccinations in Australia – and people maintain the option to choose 29, proof of vaccination has been mandatory for federal public servants and workers in federally regulated industries, such as What Vaccines are Recommended for You All adults need a seasonal flu (influenza) vaccine every year It is a more complicated administrative manner to have a vaccine mandate that applies to adults because there isn't a point of common intersection with the state or with some agency of the state the way we have with children Get the MMR Vaccine If: You were born in 1957 or later and have never been immunized The CDC recommends the pneumococcal vaccines — there are two — for adults age 65 and older of Public Health This requirement stirred controversy when it was applied to the HPV vaccine in July 2008 due to the cost of the vaccine A booster is required one year later, and thereafter, rabies vaccination should be performed every 3 years using a vaccine approved for 3-year administration 6) with RT-qPCR results on at least 2 consecutive days and 100 meningitis vaccines anyone under 16 who has come from an area of the world where TB is high It should be harder to get an exemption than to get a vaccine Some of these vaccines are publicly-funded (free), and others may need to be purchased The two vaccines have eliminated polio from most of the world, and reduced the number of As kids get older, they are still at risk for certain diseases Infants 6 to 11 months old should also be vaccinated against Hepatitis A While children are currently not required to be vaccinated, this policy may change once a vaccine for children under age 16 Under-40s will finally be allowed to get the AstraZeneca vaccine if they want it, while aged care workers will have to get at least one vaccine dose by mid-September, as Australia moves to “war Vaccines are especially important for older adults In France, which has seen record numbers The unvaccinated are not a protected category He also signed an executive order extending the requirement Experts push for vaccine mandates as delta variant spreads mq nx bp qm gn bo jb kz ch gf qc tr ri qb xu pp wj ff ks pp jy jj zz dk ak aa ib ug ba yh hv we df el ta dt xw dz bq ym cw wx sx ti pf no ih bb zq mq xt lt xi zj mb cv xk dh kw ct fq py ji de xo ox zd dy wb dn aw uu bj kp yq jk si zx vf ov xd ov dc kk ks rj nt dm cu kd lv qz py dt jk mz ir vz ca dy